Westminster Divines Held Matt. 6:13 as Canonical


We at Mission Bible Church like to point out to you, the lay person, where the counterfeit Greek text, known as the Critical Text (CT), directly impacts doctrine.  One passage not in the CT, and thus not in many modern translations, is Matthew 6:13, the conclusion of the Lord's Prayer, which reads:  And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.


In Reformed circles, usually a minister must take an oath of adherence to some written standard (i.e., the Bible) as expressed in that church's doctrinal substandard (e.g., the Westminster Confessions, or WCF). Any exceptions the minister takes must be acknowledged in advance to the ordaining body, so that such can be examined.  Nearly all ministers I've encountered will accept the entire WCF "without exception" yet will not preach on Matt 6:13 nor teach it, since they don't believe it's in the Bible.  This is disingenuous at best, or as deceptive as a wolf.


Why?  Because the Shorter Catechism (SC) Q#107 states thus –


"Q. 107. What doth the conclusion of the Lord's Prayer teach us?

A. The conclusion of the Lord's Prayer, which is, For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever, Amen. teacheth us to take our encouragement in prayer from God only [a], and in our prayers to praise him, ascribing kingdom, power, and glory to him [b]; and, in testimony of our desire, and assurance to be heard, we say, Amen. [c]"


The doctrinal point hinges on Matthew 6:13.  By removing this verse, an entire doctrinal standard is removed.  Isn't it just like the devil, to nip away at the very last confessional statement, where men will be tempted to say, "nah, it doesn't matter."  Yet God through the Apostle Paul says all scripture ... is profitable for doctrine. That includes Matthew 6:13.


Furthermore, the WCF SC original edition ends with a listing of the 10 commandments (Exodus 20), the Lord's Prayer (Matt. 6), and the Apostle's Creed.  They justify the insertion of the Creed by acknowledging it "ought not to be esteemed canonical scripture, as the Ten Commandments and the Lord's Prayer ... but because it is a brief sum of the Christian faith."  If they deemed Matthew 6:13 as canon, so ought we. Learn more about this at http://holdingfast.net/ESV-Corrupts-Doctrine/.

By Pas. Daniel Parks, Redeemer Baptist Church, Louisville, KY

Salvation by man's "FREE WILL"


Will of Man Is Free

Mankind is influenced by sin, but not under its dominion, as all have free will and the ability to determine their own destiny.  Anyone can of his own free will come to Christ for salvation. All men have faith, but not all will to exercise it.


Election Is Conditional

Election to salvation involves both the sinner choosing God and God choosing the sinner. God's choice was conditioned upon man's choice, as God chose in eternity past those whom He foresaw in time believing in Jesus Christ for salvation.


Every Man Is Redeemed

Jesus Christ died for everyone, paying the price of redemption for them all; yet this does not guarantee their forgiveness, as many of His "redeemed" will be eventually damned because of unbelief.


Denial Confounds Grace

The sovereignty of God does not extend to His salvation, as man's will can here thwart God's purpose.  God is trying to save every sinner, but He is helpless to save any sinner who will not let Him.


Some Will Lose Salvation

God cannot preserve in salvation those who of their own free will refuse to be preserved.  Those believers who do not remain faithful to the very end will lose their salvation, "fall from grace," and eventually perish.

Salvation by God's GRACE ALONE


Total Depravity

Mankind is spiritually dead and under the dominion of sin (Ephesians 2:1-3; John 8:34).  None can of his own will come to Christ for salvation (John 5:40; 6:65). None has faith unless God graciously bestows it (Eph. 2:8).


Unconditional Election

God the Father has graciously chosen and predestined to salvation some of our fallen (2 Thessalonians 2:13; Ephesians 1:3-6). His choice was in no way conditioned upon foreseen good or merit in the chosen ones (John 15:16).


Limited Atonement

Jesus Christ died as the substitute of God's elect, forever redeeming and forgiving them (Isaiah 53:4-6,8b; Ephesians 1:7). He did not redeem any who die in unbelief (John 10:11,26).


Irresistible Grace

God will not be thwarted in His purpose of salvation (Daniel 4:35). Every one of His chosen and redeemed sinners shall willingly be brought to saving faith in Jesus Christ (John 6:37,45; Romans 8:29f; Psalm 110:3).


Perseverance of the Saints

God preserves in salvation all believers in Christ, and none will ever perish (John 3:16; 10:28f).  He enables them to persevere to the end, so none will be lost (Jeremiah 32:40; Romans 8:35-39).

Excellent excerpt from Lee Stroebel.

"As an atheist, I understood one thing about Christianity: it rises or falls on the resurrection of Jesus. Anyone can claim to be divine, as Jesus did; yet if Jesus predicted he would die and rise again three days later – and then did it – that would be pretty good evidence he was telling the truth about his identity.  As a law-trained journalist at the Chicago Tribune, I also knew something else: dead bodies stay dead, and none of them ever regained life. So I figured it would be easy to disprove the resurrection."


"Maybe Jesus never really died on the cross. But the evidence for Jesus' execution is so extensive that even the atheist New Testament (NT) scholar Gerd Lüdemann calls it 'indisputable.' We not only have multiple, early accounts of Jesus' death in the NT, but we've also got five ancient sources outside the Bible that confirm his execution."


"My next line of defense was to say the resurrection is a legend. But I learned that it took more than two generations in the ancient world for legends to develop and wipe out a solid core of historical truth. Yet we have a report of the resurrection, preserved in 1 Corinthians 15:3-7, that comes far too quickly after Jesus' death to be considered a legend. We can be entirely confident that this report was formulated within months of Jesus' death. And that's not all - the Gospels contain others dating back to within a generation of Jesus."


"My third approach was to try to undermine the empty tomb – until I discovered that even the opponents of Jesus implicitly conceded the tomb was empty on that first Easter morning."


"Finally, I focused on eyewitnesses. We have one or two sources from ancient history and nine ancient sources –inside and outside the NT– confirming the testimony of the disciples that they encountered the resurrected Jesus.  The Christian persecutor Saul of Tarsus wasn't psychologically primed to have a vision of the risen Christ. Neither was James, the half-brother of Jesus, who was a doubter during Jesus' lifetime. They both died, however, as church leaders– why? Because the resurrected Jesus had appeared to them."


"The evidence for Jesus' resurrection was clear and convincing."


Condensed from Lee Stroebel's A Case For Christ. Citations from here.

An end-of-year exhortation from Moses, in Psalm 90.

Thou hast set our iniquities before thee, our secret sins in the light of thy countenance. For all our days are passed away in thy wrath: we spend our years as a tale that is told. The days of our years are threescore years and ten; and if by reason of strength they be fourscore years, yet is their strength labour and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away. Who knoweth the power of thine anger? even according to thy fear, so is thy wrath. So teach us to number our days, that we may apply our hearts unto wisdom. (Psalm 90:8-12)


Moses, who wrote Psalm 90, offers a succinct word of wisdom born from a life experience no others have seen.  He counted 603,550 non-Levitical males over the age of twenty that fled from Egypt (Numbers 1:46). As you recall, their unbelief in the face of Jehovah's wilderness provisions shortly after the start of the Exodus lengthened what should have been a 4-day journey into a 40-year death march, as all those over 20 died in the desert.


Simple math shows an average of 41 males each and every day were buried in the wilderness. Moses knew first hand that God is not mocked, and death is truly the wages of sin. It obviously left a very deep and lasting impression on Moses, as you can see in his words above.


As we start into our new year, allow me to make an application of Moses' inspired insights to your life in particular.  Let's say you're a 20-year male.  According to Moses, you'll likely die between the age of 70-80; let's assume 75 if you do some exercise and eat healthy (?) like we're supposed to.  Taking into account time you'll very likely spend eating, sleeping, working and commuting to a weekly job, that leaves 4 hours a day, or 3,348 discretionary days (9.1 years) of your life to propagate the gospel to the next generation.  If you're 40 years old, you've only got 2,130 days (5.8 years) left.  And the 60-year old? The warranty on your washing machine may outlast you – 913 days, or 2.5 years. Sobering, isn't it?


  Exhort one another daily, while it is called today; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. ° Today if ye will hear His voice, harden not your hearts. 

Ten prophecies related to Jesus' work and impacts. Can anyone credibly doubt that Jesus is the Christ?



OT Prophecy

NT Fulfillment


Son of God

(Ps 2:7) ... the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.

(Mt 3:17) This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.

(Rom 1:3) Concerning His Son Jesus Christ our Lord 



(Mic 5:2b) ... out of thee shall He come forth ... whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.

(Col 1:17) And He is before (i.e., has existed prior to) all things, and by him all things consist.


Called Lord

(Ps 110:1) The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand ...

(Lk 2:11) For unto you is born ... Christ the Lord. (cp Mt 22:43-45)


Shall be a Priest

(Ps 110:4) The LORD hath sworn ... Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.

(Heb 5:5-6) So also Christ ... art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec. (cp Heb 3:1)


Shall be a King

(Ps 2:6) Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.

(Jn 18:37) ... Jesus answered [Pilate], Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born ...


Zealous for God

(Ps 69:9) For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me.

(Jn 2:15-17) ... He had made a scourge of small cords, He drove them all out of the temple, °and poured out the changers' money, and overthrew the tables; And said ... make not my Father's house an house of merchandise. 


Was to enter the Temple

(Mal 3:1) ... the Lord ... shall suddenly come to His temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in ...

(Mt 21:12) And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them that sold and bought in the temple ...


Enters Jerusalem on an ass and a colt

(Zech 9:9) O ... Jerusalem ... thy King cometh unto thee ... riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.

(Mt 21:6-7) And the disciples ... brought the ass, and the colt, and put on them their clothes, and they set Him thereon.


Stone of stumbling to the Jews

(Ps 118:22) The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner.

(1Pet 2:7) Unto you therefore which believe He is precious: but ...  the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner,


Light to the Gentiles

(Isa 60:3) And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.

(Ac 26:23) That Christ should suffer, and ... should shew light unto the people, and to the Gentiles. (cp Ac 13.47, Ac 28:28)


Ten additional prophecies related to Jesus' life.



OT Prophecy

NT Fulfillment


Seed of Isaac

(Gen 17:19) God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son ... call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant ... with his seed ... 

(Lk 3:34) Which was the son of Jacob, which was the son of Isaac, which was the son of Abraham ...


Line of Jesse

(Isa 11:1) And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, ...

(Lk 3:23) And Jesus ... being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph ... (32) which was the son of Jesse, ...


Presented with Gifts

(Ps 72:10) The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents: the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts. 

(Mt 2:1) Now when Jesus was born ... there came wise men from the east ... (11) when they were come ... they presented unto him gifts;gold, and frankincense, and myrrh. 


Preceded by a Fore-runner, "Elijah"

(Mal 3:1) Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me ...

(Mal 4:5) Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD ...

(Lk 7:24) ... He ... began to speak unto the people concerning John ... (27) This is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face ...

(Mt 11:14) And if ye will receive it, this is Elias, which was for to come.


Special Anointment of the Spirit

(Isa 11:2) And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;

(Mt 3:16-17) And Jesus, when he was baptized ... saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son ...


Galilean Ministry

(Isa 9:1b-2) ... beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations. The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined.

(Mt 4:13-16) ... Jesus ... departed into Galilee; and leaving Nazareth, He came ... upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet ...


Speaks in Parables

(Ps 78:2-3) I will open my mouth in a parable: I will utter dark sayings of old: which we have heard and known, and our fathers have told us.

(Mt 13:34-35) All these things spake Jesus unto the multitude in parables ... that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet ...


A Prophet

(De 18:15) The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken; 

(Mt 21:11) And the multitude said, This is Jesus the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee. (see also Acts 3:20-22).


A Judge that Saves

(Isa 33:22) For the LORD is our judge, the LORD is our lawgiver, the LORD is our king; he will save us.

(Jn 5:30) I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge ...

(Mt 1:21) ... call His name JESUS: for He shall save His people ...


Ministry of Miracles

(Isa 35:5-6a) Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped. Then shall the lame man leap as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb sing ...

(Mt 9:35) And Jesus went about ... healing every sickness and every disease among the people.


Dated OT prophecies and their NT fulfillment.




OT Prophecy


Seed of a woman

~ 4,000 BC

(Gen 3:15) I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.


Seed would bless all families of the earth

~ 2,024 BC (Abram at age 75)

(Gen 12:3) And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed. 

(Acts 3:26) Unto you first God, having raised up his Son Jesus, sent him to bless you °


Be Abraham's seed

~ 2,000 BC (Abraham at age 99)

(Gen 17:7-8) And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant ...

(Gal 3:16) ... thy seed which is Christ.


Judah's scepter remains until Shiloh come

~ 1,810 BC

(Gen 49:10) The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.


Called out of Egypt

~ 740 BC

(Hos 11:1) When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt.


Be born in the Judean town of Bethlehem

~ 700 BC

(Mic 5:2) But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah ... of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.


A child to be born

~ 700 BC

(Isa 9:6) For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: ... The mighty God, ... The Prince of Peace.


Born a king in the line of David

~ 700 BC

(Isa 9:7) Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David ...


Born of a virgin; His name is "God with us"

~ 700 BC

(Isa 7:14) Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.


Many infants murdered at His time

~ 600 BC

(Jer 31:15) Thus saith the LORD; A voice was heard in Ramah, lamentation, and bitter weeping; Rahel (Rachel) weeping for her children refused to be comforted for her children, because they were not.


The chance of only 8 prophecies being fulfilled is 1 out of 1017, which is akin to spreading 2 feet of silver dollars across the entire state of Texas, randomly walking, and finding the marked dollar the first time.